Discussion:
From Italy to Hungary to France, how populist movements in 2018 enveloped Europe
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Leroy N. Soetoro
2018-12-28 21:46:40 UTC
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populist-movements-in-2018-enveloped-
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2018 was the year populism went mainstream and beyond the United States
and Britain – sweeping Europe with demands for a change in the status quo.

Beset by increasing social and economic problems, exacerbated by the
influx of migrants from the Middle East and Africa, and the dysfunction of
the European Union, the continent’s voters went to the voting booths or
the streets, increasingly embracing populist ideas.

From Hungary and Austria to France and Italy, populist movements stunned
European governments and establishment parties who long had an
unchallenged grip on power.

Italy
Earlier this summer, anti-establishment populist parties took control of
the Italian government, promising a government of change with an ambitious
economic program.

The Five Star Movement, headed by Luigi Di Maio, won the election after
receiving nearly a third of the votes. It entered into a coalition with
the populist right-wing League party, led by Matteo Salvini, which won 18
percent of the vote – a stark jump from four percent of the vote just five
years ago.

Both parties came into power as a backlash to the European Union’s push
for austerity measures in the country at a dire social cost and the
migrant crisis that particularly hit Southern Italy, with hundreds of
thousands of migrants arriving since 2014.

League leader Matteo Salvini has pushed for tougher restrictions on
immigration.
League leader Matteo Salvini has pushed for tougher restrictions on
immigration. (The Associated Press)

The Five Star Movement and the League oppose illegal immigration and have
pledged to drastically cut the number of such immigrants in the country
through deportations and tougher border enforcement.

But the parties also promised to kick-start the sluggish Italian economy
with tax cuts and introduce a guaranteed basic income for Italians.

The government is also prepared to fight the European Union and its
directives.

Just last month, Salvini, who is sharing the deputy prime minister title
with Di Maio, criticized EU officials for rejecting his country’s budget
for a second time for violating fiscal rules, the Guardian reported.

Giuseppe Conte appointed Italian prime ministerVideo
He went on to urge the European Commission to “respect the Italian people”
and dismissed the EU report criticizing the country’s fiscal policies and
threatening with fines.

“A letter from the EU? I’m also waiting for one from Father Christmas,”
Salvini declared.

Austria
Populism also took the reins of power in Austria as well, with 32-year-old
Sebastian Kurz becoming the country’s chancellor in December, 2017.

Under the leadership of Kurz, Austrian People’s Party, a traditional
center-right political force, adopted the populist platform in the wake of
the migrant crisis. He formed a coalition government with the Freedom
Party, a hard-right nationalist party whose popularity has skyrocketed
since the crisis began.

Austria's Sebastian Kurz celebrates a historic winVideo
Both Kurz’s conservatives and the Freedom Party campaigned on tougher
immigration controls and deportations of asylum seekers whose requests get
denied.

In October, Austria joined other populist governments in Europe and the
United States and refused to sign the United Nations agreement on
immigration.

Earlier this year, the government’s cabinet also approved seizing
migrants’ cash – up to $1,040 – and their mobile phones to fund their stay
in the country, establish their identity and find out where they have
been, Reuters reported.

The plan also instructs the hospital to advise the authorities when asylum
seekers get discharged in a bid to make it easier to deport the
individual.

Populist rebellion in Europe spreads to AustriaVideo
The government has also delivered on its promise to crack down on
“political Islam” – closing seven mosques and considering expelling imams
over foreign financing of religious groups.

Kurz said a hardline Turkish nationalist mosque in Vienna was shut down
while a group called the Arab Religious Community that runs six mosques
was dissolved.

Hungary
The populist movement in Hungary has made significant strides in recent
years, culminating in a total victory in April this year, with Hungarian
Prime Minister Viktor Orban and his Fidesz party winning the so-called
supermajority – two-thirds of seats in the country’s national legislature.

“We created the opportunity for ourselves to defend Hungary,” Orban told a
crowd of supporters after the win. “A great battle is behind us. We have
achieved a decisive victory.”

Hungary cracks down on migrants, blocks border entranceVideo
Orban and his right-wing party have long been a headache to the leaders of
the EU over his defiance to the migrant crisis.

EU PUNISHES HUNGARY WITH UNPRECEDENTED ACTION

His government repeatedly enacted various measures and legal obstacles in
an effort to curb the number of asylum seekers. Since the migrant crisis,
Hungary also built a fence on its border with Serbia, where a lot of
migrants from the Middle East and Africa traveled, to effectively block
illegal entry into the country.

The prime minister recently accused the EU of trying to create a “European
Empire” and urged Europeans to oppose the globalism of the union.

“The European Parliament elections in May will decide in which direction
Europe's wagon will turn,” Orban said in October during commemorations of
a short-lived 1956 anti-Soviet revolution. “We should reject the ideology
of globalism and support instead the culture of patriotism.”

"We should reject the ideology of globalism and support instead the
culture of patriotism."

— Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban
But Orban’s leadership has also been met with resistance as the unchecked
power prompted his government to introduce unpopular measures that sparked
widespread protests.

HUNGARY SEES FOURTH DAY OF PROTESTS OVER NEW OVERTIME RULES, OTHER
GOVERNMENT POLICIES

Thousands of protesters marched through Hungary's capital, Budapest, for a
fourth day Sunday over new employment laws that gives employers the right
to request up to 400 hours of overtime annually, without payment
settlement for up to three years.

The critics dubbed the measure as “slavery law,” despite the government’s
insistence that it will help to relieve the shortage of labor in the
country’s manufacturing sector and letting people to earn more.

France
The French government, unlike in some European countries, isn’t led by
populists, but is facing the anger of the people not seen in decades.

French President Emmanuel Macron’s victory about two years ago was touted
as a win against the rising tide of populism and an example of a centrist
politician defeating the narrow-minded populist Marine Le Pen of the
National Front.

Fast forward to today and Macron’s presidency is on the verge of collapse
as the “Yellow Vests” take to the streets demanding the end of his
presidency.

Protests continue in France over rising fuel taxesVideo
The “Yellow Vests” movement, which was born after introducing the widely-
unpopular gas tax, has spiraled into a larger protest concerning living
standards in the country, with many viewing Macron as the “president of
the rich.”

'YELLOW VEST' PROTESTERS TAKE TO STREETS OF FRANCE FOR FIFTH WEEK AS
MACRON APPEALS FOR 'ORDER'

The anger has sparked violent clashes with police for at least five
weekends, with hundreds of arrests every weekend.

Despite Macron’s submission to protesters’ demand to scrap the gas tax,
the “Yellow Vests” are continuing their protests. While being a largely
leaderless movement, it has issued demands like a referendum on France’s
membership in the European Union, curbing illegal immigration and
restoring cuts to the welfare state.

Macron gives televised address on anti-government protestsVideo
Following the protest earlier this month, Macron – who avoided public
appearances for weeks – pleaded with protesters to stop and announced a
series of concessions.

MACRON PROMISES 'ALL MEANS' TO RESTORE CALM AFTER PARIS RIOTS, PLEDGES TO
SPEED UP TAX RELIEF

He promised to raise the minimum wage and abolish taxes on overtime pay
starting Jan. 1 -- several months ahead of schedule. He also said a tax
hike pensioners faced would be scrapped.

He also asked the country’s employers to give their workers a bonus and
said taxes will be reduced. “I would ask all employers who can, pay an
end-of-year bonus to their employees,” he said.

Despite the capitulation to the protesters, the “Yellow Vests” continued
the protests last weekend.

Germany
Many view Germany as bulletproof to populism, claiming the people
generally support Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and her policies
concerning refugees – leading the country to welcome over a million of
refugees.

But the backlash to the migrant crisis and the social problems that arose
from an unprecedented influx of people, made the three-term chancellor
toxic to the voters, leading to fewer votes cast for her party and paving
way for anti-immigrant parties to gain traction.

Merkel’s Christian Democrats party had to make tough compromises after the
2017 federal election to remain in power, even going into the government
with the Bavarian Christian Social Union.

Fallout from Germany's migrant influxVideo
The chancellor had to embrace more conservative policies towards
immigration amid the surge of the far-right and anti-Islam Alternative for
Germany, which became the third-largest party in Germany in the recent
election.

In a bid to navigate a tough electoral map, with more Germans embracing
the anti-immigration party, she had to adopt several policies that went
against Merkel’s earlier policies.

During summer she agreed to create border camps for migrants and enforce
tighter border control. Under the proposed policies, Germany would create
so-called “transit centers” along the border.

All new migrants would have to be screened at the centers and determined
if they are eligible to seek asylum in Germany. Any migrant who already
applied for asylum in another European country would be rejected and asked
to return to the countries where they made the applications.

All this concluded with Merkel eventually announcing that she will step
down from politics in 2021. Earlier this month, she made her last speech
as the party leader, giving way for Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, the likely
next German chancellor.

“It is now the time to open a new chapter, it was a great pleasure for me,
it was an honor,” she said to the party delegates.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

The anger has sparked violent clashes with police for at least five
weekends, with hundreds of arrests every weekend.

Despite Macron’s submission to protesters’ demand to scrap the gas tax,
the “Yellow Vests” are continuing their protests. While being a largely
leaderless movement, it has issued demands like a referendum on France’s
membership in the European Union, curbing illegal immigration and
restoring cuts to the welfare state.

Macron gives televised address on anti-government protestsVideo
Following the protest earlier this month, Macron – who avoided public
appearances for weeks – pleaded with protesters to stop and announced a
series of concessions.

MACRON PROMISES 'ALL MEANS' TO RESTORE CALM AFTER PARIS RIOTS, PLEDGES TO
SPEED UP TAX RELIEF

He promised to raise the minimum wage and abolish taxes on overtime pay
starting Jan. 1 -- several months ahead of schedule. He also said a tax
hike pensioners faced would be scrapped.

He also asked the country’s employers to give their workers a bonus and
said taxes will be reduced. “I would ask all employers who can, pay an
end-of-year bonus to their employees,” he said.

Despite the capitulation to the protesters, the “Yellow Vests” continued
the protests last weekend.

Germany
Many view Germany as bulletproof to populism, claiming the people
generally support Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and her policies
concerning refugees – leading the country to welcome over a million of
refugees.

But the backlash to the migrant crisis and the social problems that arose
from an unprecedented influx of people, made the three-term chancellor
toxic to the voters, leading to fewer votes cast for her party and paving
way for anti-immigrant parties to gain traction.

Merkel’s Christian Democrats party had to make tough compromises after the
2017 federal election to remain in power, even going into the government
with the Bavarian Christian Social Union.

Fallout from Germany's migrant influxVideo
The chancellor had to embrace more conservative policies towards
immigration amid the surge of the far-right and anti-Islam Alternative for
Germany, which became the third-largest party in Germany in the recent
election.

In a bid to navigate a tough electoral map, with more Germans embracing
the anti-immigration party, she had to adopt several policies that went
against Merkel’s earlier policies.

During summer she agreed to create border camps for migrants and enforce
tighter border control. Under the proposed policies, Germany would create
so-called “transit centers” along the border.

All new migrants would have to be screened at the centers and determined
if they are eligible to seek asylum in Germany. Any migrant who already
applied for asylum in another European country would be rejected and asked
to return to the countries where they made the applications.

All this concluded with Merkel eventually announcing that she will step
down from politics in 2021. Earlier this month, she made her last speech
as the party leader, giving way for Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, the likely
next German chancellor.

“It is now the time to open a new chapter, it was a great pleasure for me,
it was an honor,” she said to the party delegates.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.
--
Donald J. Trump, 304 electoral votes to 227, defeated compulsive liar in
denial Hillary Rodham Clinton on December 19th, 2016. The clown car
parade of the democrat party ran out of gas and got run over by a Trump
truck.

Congratulations President Trump. Thank you for cleaning up the disaster
of the Obama presidency.

Under Barack Obama's leadership, the United States of America became the
The World According To Garp.

ObamaCare is a total 100% failure and no lie that can be put forth by its
supporters can dispute that.

Obama jobs, the result of ObamaCare. 12-15 working hours a week at minimum
wage, no benefits and the primary revenue stream for ObamaCare. It can't
be funded with money people don't have, yet liberals lie about how great
it is.

Obama increased total debt from $10 trillion to $20 trillion in the eight
years he was in office, and sold out heterosexuals for Hollywood queer
liberal democrat donors.

--- news://freenews.netfront.net/ - complaints: ***@netfront.net ---
Byker
2018-12-28 23:54:58 UTC
Permalink
https://www.foxnews.com/world/from-italy-to-hungary-to-france-how-populist-movements-in-2018-enveloped-europe?intcmp=oborg_hdc&intcmp=ob_article_sidebar_video
2018 was the year populism went mainstream and beyond the United States
and Britain – sweeping Europe with demands for a change in the status quo.
Don't forget Middle America:

https://kfor.com/2018/12/27/stickers-with-the-symbol-of-a-recognized-hate-group-show-up-in-downtown-oklahoma-city/

Seems our local NBC affiliate accepts everything the SPLC says as gospel:
https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/group/identity-evropa

Maybe we should stock up on MAGA hats:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8ZmnNg0kKjX2C0NeXsukXg

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